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  • 950 Silverado Street La Jolla, CA 92037    •    1 (858) 412-6462
    Section 1

    Pre-1933 US Gold Coins

    Pre-1933 US Gold Coins

    United Coin & Precious Metals, located in La Jolla, California, knows the cove and financial districts in this beautiful northern San Diego beach community needs a precious metals shop they can know and trust.  As long-time locals to the San Diego region, United CPM cares about cultivating the relationships it must to best serve you, the San Diego resident.

    U.S. $20 Saint Gaudens$20 Saint Gaudens Coins

    Dates: 1907-1933

    Weight: 33.436g

    Diameter: 34mm

    Gold: .96750

    The $20 Saint Gaudens is the most popular pre-1933 gold coin. Theodore Roosevelt commissioned Saint Gaudens to design the coin, hence the name. Miss Liberty strides gloriously forward on the obverse while the reverse features a majestic eagle flying above the sun.

     $1_liberty_b_0001 $1 Liberty Gold Coin

    The so-called gold dollar or gold one-dollar piece was struck by the United States Bureau of the Mint from 1849-1889 and had three types over its lifetime, all designed by Mint Chief Engraver James B. Longacre. In terms of diameter, the Type 1 issue was the smallest United States coin minted.

    Several times had a gold dollar been proposed several times in the 1830s and 1840s, but was not initially adopted. Congress finally acted because an increased supply of bullion caused by the California gold rush and in 1849 authorized the gold dollar.

    The gold dollar found a ready place in commerce at a time when silver coins were being hoarded and exported. Congress required the new silver coins be made lighter in 1853, they returned to commerce, and the gold dollar became a rarity in commerce even before federal coins vanished from circulation because of the economic issues caused by the American Civil War.

    Gold did not again circulate in most parts of the US until 1879, when the gold dollar fell out of favor. Struck in small numbers in its later years

    Gold did not again circulate in most of the nation until 1879; once it did, the gold dollar did not regain its place. In its final years, it was struck in small numbers, causing speculation by hoarders. It was also in demand to be mounted in jewelry. The regular issue gold dollar was last struck in 1889; the following year, Congress ended the series.

    U.S. $10 Gold Liberty$5 Liberty Coins

    Dates: 1839-1908

    Weights: 8.359g

    Diameter 21.6mm

    Gold: .24187 oz

    Perhaps because it is the only coin in US history to be produced at all seven federal mints, and similar to the Quarter Eagle, the $5 Liberty is a coin of many designs, compositions, and weights throughout its history. Before 1838, Half Eagles were struck only at the Philadelphia Mint. From 1837 until its discontinuation in 1929, the $5 Liberty coin was struck out of .900-fine gold. In 1908 the Liberty design was replaced with the Indian Head design.

    U.S. $10 Gold Liberty$10 Liberty Coin

    Dates: 1866-1907

    Weight: 16.718g

    Diameter: 27mm

    Gold: .48375oz

    The $10 Liberty coin, also known as the Coronet, was minted from 1866-1907. The world-famous profile of Miss Liberty is shown on the obverse and a heraldic American Eagle on the reverse. The coin was minted after a 34-year hiatus of other $10 gold pieces. The Coronet design by Christian Gobrecht would later appear on the $2.50 Liberty gold coin and one year prior to its use on the $5 Liberty gold coin. In 1870, the Carson City Mint began products, and New Orleans produced them from 1879 to 1883 and again years later. Coins were also struck at the newly opened Denver Mint from 1906 until the introduction of the $10 Indian head Gold Coin, which ended the $10 Liberty’s production.

    U.S. $20 Gold Liberty$20 Liberty Coins

    Dates: 1849-1907

    Weight: 33.436g

    Diameter: 34mm

    Gold: .9670 oz

    The $20 Liberty double eagle is a highly recognized gold coin. The $20 Liberty helped to expand US’s influence in the nineteenth century. A profile of Miss Liberty is featured on the obverse and the bold heraldic Eagle on the reverse.

    1indianhead$1 Indian Head

    In 1854, the United States Mint came out with a new design for the one dollar gold coin, which increased its diameter to 15mm, while not changing the coins weight or gold composition just like planned. A new obverse design was created by James B. Longacre. He had been inspired by the world he had done on the three-dollar pieces. The image of the head on the obverse side is often described as an “Indian Princess,” and is how this coin received its name.  Historians say the design was based off a Roman marbe figure and James Longacre just added the head-dress. It is said that the Roman figure is “Crouching Venus,” which is on display in the Philadelphia museum. The reverse design was modified with removal of the inscription “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” removed and placed on the obverse side of the coin. The wreath design on the reverse side of the coin remained the same.

    25goldindianhead2 1/2 Dollar Indian Head Gold Coin

    Dates: 1908-16; 1929

    Weight: 8.359g

    Diameter: 21.6mm

    Gold:  .24187 oz

    The 2 1/2 Dollar Indian Heads were minted from 1908 to 1929.  The 2.5 Indian Head was designed without the raised edge and and  in-cuse design of other coins. The coin was designed by famed sculptor Bela Lyon Pratt. The artistry of the design was not favored by numismatists of the day, but over time the Indian Head coin has come to be considered one of the beauties among America’s coinage. Pratt’s design is recognized as a part of the early 2oth century renaissance of American coinage under President Theodore Roosevelt.

    $5 Gold Indian$5 Indian head Gold Coins 

    Dates: 1908-16; 1929

    Weight: 8.359g

    Diameter: 21.6mm

    Gold:  .24187 oz

    The obverse of the coin features the pictures of an Indian Chief, the first true American Indian to appear on US coinage.  Before this, caucasians had been dressed in Indian attire.   The chief on the Indian Head wears a full-feathered head-dress with the word ‘Liberty’ inscribed over the headband. A border of 13 stars and the minting date encircle him.The $5 Indian gold coin is another coin designed by Bela Lyon Pratt. While on the lookout for a sculptor of this beautiful coin, Roosevelt’s friend, Dr. William Sturgis Bigelow, recommended Pratt, once a student of Augustus Saint Gaudens.  Like the 2 1/2 Indian Head, the $5 Indian head is set apart by the nation’s only incuse design.

    U.S. $10 Gold Indian$10 Indian Head Gold Coins

    Dates: 1908-16; 1929

    Weight: 8.359g

    Diameter: 21.6mm

    Gold:  .24187 oz

    The $10 Indian Head Gold Coin was not designed by Pratt, but instead by Augustus Saint-Gaudens. This $10 gold coin is among the most beautiful gold coins the nation has ever struck.

    The $10 Indian Head’s obverse (front) features the Liberty’s head, who dons an Indian war bonnet that reads ‘LIBERTY’. Thirteen stars, representing the nation’s 13 original colonies arc above Liberty’s head. The date appears at the bottom of the coin.

    The reverse side of the coin shows a proud Bald Eagle with a puffed chest, standing among olive branches. The Latin phrase ‘E PLURIBUS UNUM’ lies to the viewer’s right of the eagle.  The words ‘UNITED STATES OF AMERICA’ and the denomination (“TEN DOLLARS”) appears at the top and bottom of the coin. The motto “IN GOD WE TRUST” was put on the coin in the middle of 1908 by order of Congress.

    The coins edge shows raised stars for the states of the Union, and not a lettered or reeded edge. Coins struck from 1907 to 1911 feature 46 stars. Two more stars were added the following year to commemorate the addition of New Mexico and Arizona to the Union. Originally, the $10 Indian was struck with a wire rim in 1907, which gave the coin a more 3-D appearance than others. 500 of these were produced before the Mint began producing regular strikes later in the same year.

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